This year marks the 25th anniversary of the United Nations International Day for the Eradication of Poverty – 17 October
Poverty is more than the lack of income and resources to ensure a sustainable livelihood. Its manifestations include hunger and malnutrition, limited access to education and other basic services, social discrimination.
With Narendra Modi saying “The dream of NDA government is to eradicate poverty and to have housing for all by 2022” seems to be difficult. With more than 25 years of economic reforms the growth Index shows positive for IT, Telecommunications, FOREX, Service sector etc. But our country ranks last in Human poverty Index, 22% of the population are living below the national poverty line.
In 1990 the people living in poverty are around 35 crores and in 2015 it is 22 crores. In total 25 years only 12 crore people have been moved out of poverty while on the other hand in china people living in poverty has been reduced from 70 crores to 2.3 crores, to less than 2 percent of the total country population. Even Brazil, Indonesia and Vietnam are doing better compared to India. So what’s stopping India to achieve the sustainable development goals? India needs a massive investments and reforms in Infrastructure , Education, Health Care, Agriculture, Manufacturing. This will fortify growth rate in Human development Index.
With more than 50 percent of the workforce working in agriculture and its related sectors the need has arise to move the workforce to manufacturing and services sectors by improving their skills. Thanks to the skill development initiative started by the Modi government. Most of the people living in poverty are from the agriculture sector whose daily wages are very low and even the crops sold by farmers are unable to meet the minimum support price declared by the government. Unless The Income levels for the farmers are increased the eradication of poverty is very difficult. For the children the basic education, nutrition needs to be provided. The malnutrition rates among children has become a growing concern for the government with Bihar standing top in India with 47% of malnutrition followed by UP and Jharkand. The malnutrition has heavy impact on children’s mental and physical growth.
Finally thanks to Swach Bharat Initiative, it has helped many villages to become open defecation free and able to build 5 crore toilets around India and improving the rural sanitation moreover proving employment to many rural households under the MGNREGA, more works should come under this scheme.With provided proper water connections to the toilets lets hope for a clean and better India and meet the sustainable development goals by 2022.