On any given day in 2017 around 40 million are in modern slavery and 152 million in child labor around the world
- 5.9 adult victims for every 1,000 adults in the world.
- 4.4 child victims for every 1,000 children in the world.
Slavery may be defined as an act of act of recruiting, transporting, providing, or obtaining a person for compelled labor or commercial sex acts through the use of force, fraud, or coercion.
Modern slavery is often seen as a by-product of poverty. Countries that lack education, economic freedom, the rule of law, and have poor societal structure can create an environment that fosters the acceptance and propagation of slavery
One of the main causes is that slaves can be an attractive investment because the slave-owner only needs to pay for sustenance and enforcement. This is sometimes lower than the wage-cost of free laborers, as free workers earn more than people living on daily bread.
Types of slavery:
- Bonded labor
- Forced migrant labor
- Forced labor exploitation
- Forced sexual exploitation
- Forced marriage
- Child labor
Women represent 99 percent of the victims of forced labor in the commercial sex industry and 84 percent of forced marriages.
Child labor remains concentrated primarily in agriculture(70.9 percent). while 17.1 percent of child laborers work in services sector followed by 11.9 percent in industry.
The governments needs to increase its efforts against eradicating slavery and the citizens should come forward to eliminate completely from the roots of the nations.